Hearing i mpairment (also known as hearing loss) is the inability to hear sounds properly or to not hear sound at all. Hearing loss can be congenital (present from birth) or acquired later in life. Hearing loss can range from mild to severe and affect an individual's ability to communicate effectively, in both their receptive (understanding) and expressive (verbal) communication.
Speech and language therapy will help to improve and support an individual's communication. In more severe cases of hearing impairment the speech and language therapist may introduce alternative forms of communication.
What is hearing impairment?
Hearing impairment is the inability to hear sounds properly or not hear sound at all. There are two main types of hearing impairment which include:
Conductive hearing impairment
Conductive hearing impairment is any disruption to the transmission of sound from the inner to the outer ear. This can involve the inner, middle and outer ear structures. Conductive hearing impairment can be either temporary or permanent.
Sensorineural hearing impairment
Sensorineural hearing impairment is any damage to the inner ear; this causes disruption to the pathway where the sound impulses are converted into nerve signals. Sensorineural hearing impairment most commonly occurs from birth, it can however be acquired later on in life.
Hearing impairment can result in a variety of communication difficulties. A hearing impairment can affect an individual's receptive (understanding) and expressive (verbal) language and also their ability to produce speech sounds correctly.
What causes hearing impairment?
There are many different causes of hearing impairment. Common causes of hearing loss include:
- Exposure to sudden loud noise
- Common cold or allergies
- Ear infection
- Head trauma or trauma to the ear drum
- Genetic conditions
- Disease or infections
What problems caused by hearing impairment can speech and language therapy help with?
Speech and language therapy will help with the following problems, which can be a result of a hearing impairment:
- Comprehension Problems
- Expressive Language Problems
- Speech Sound Problems
- Communication Problems
- Eating,. Drinking and Swallowing Difficulties
- Language Delay and Impairment
The speech and language therapist will provide an individualised therapy programme which will be tailored to the specific needs and abilities of the individual with the hearing impairment.
How does speech and language therapy help hearing impairment?
Speech and language therapy helps individuals with hearing impairment to communicate more effectively. Speech and language therapy will provide an initial assessment to determine the type and severity of the communication problems caused by the hearing impairment. An initial assessment will also help the therapist in deciding what the best treatment will be for the individual. The speech and language therapist will provide treatment, advice and support in helping to maximise an individual's communication.
Benefits of speech and language therapy include:
- Improved Receptive Communication
- Increased Independence
- Increased Social Opportunities
- Reduced Stress and Anxiety
- Increasing Confidence and Self-Esteem
- Improved Expressive Communication
- Improved Speech
- Help Getting Back to Work
- Expressive communication
- Receptive communication
- Production of speech sounds
- Alternative and Augmentative Communication
- Assessments and Reports
- One to One Therapy
- Therapy Programmes
- Consultative Role
- Medicolegal Reports
- Alternative and Augmentative Communication
- Clinic visits
- home visits
- School and Nursery Visits
- Advice and Education
- Early Intervention
What would speech and language therapy treatment for hearing impairment involve?
Speech and language therapy will include an initial assessment which will help to determine the severity of an individual's speech, language and communication problems. An initial assessment will also help to decide on what the best treatment programme will be. Treatment will be specific to the individual's needs and abilities. Treatment may focus on:
Speech and language therapy treatment may also include:
How do I arrange a speech and language therapy assessment?
To arrange an initial assessment with one our speech and language therapists please email email@example.com call 0330 0885 643.
Hearing impairment (also known as hearing loss) is the inability to hear sounds properly or not at all. The degree of a hearing loss can range from mild to severe and can affect speech, language and communication. Speech and language therapy is very beneficial for individuals with hearing impairment and helps to improve an individual's communication to the best of their ability. To arrange an appointment please email firstname.lastname@example.org call 0330 0885 643.
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