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What to expect


Dementia is a collective term for symptoms which range from memory loss, mood change, and problems with communication. These symptoms appear after damage to the brain through disease. Symptoms are progressive, meaning they worsen over time.

Speech and language therapy can benefit people with dementia. Speech and language therapy will help to maintain and support memory, communication, eating, drinking and swallowing difficulties.

What is dementia?

Dementia is an umbrella term used to describe the symptoms which occur as a result of damage to the brain caused by certain diseases or small strokes. Dementia is progressive, which means that over time, symptoms will deteriorate. The rate at which dementia will deteriorate depends on which type and at what stage a person's dementia is at. Severity will depend on:

  • The individual
  • Lifestyle
  • Adherence to medication
  • Type of dementia
  • Age of onset
  • Other medical conditions

Dementia mainly affects men and women over the age of 65 however occasionally younger people can have dementia.

What causes dementia?

The cause of dementia is damage to the brain; there are many different diseases that can cause this damage. The most common cause of dementia is old age.

Types of Dementia

There are many different types of Dementia some of the most common forms of dementia include:

Alzhiemer's disease

Alzhiemer's is the most common disease to cause dementia. Short term memory problems are the early signs and symptoms of Alzhiemer's disease.

Vascular dementia

Vascular dementia is when the oxygen supply to the brain can be disrupted leading to some of the brain cells to dying.

Lewy bodies dementia

Lewy bodies dementia is when abnormal cell structures develop in the nerve cells.

Fronto-temporal dementia

Fronto-temporal dementia is when personality and behaviour changes are most noticeable and problems start in the front of the brain.

How is dementia diagnosed?

Dementia is diagnosed by a medical professional, working within a multidisciplinary team and will take many different aspects into consideration. It may take a few assessments until a final diagnosis is given. The speech and language therapist plays a key role in assessing, identifying and treating individuals with dementia.

What problems caused by dementia can speech and language therapy help with?

There are many different problems which are caused by dementia which speech and language therapy can help with. Below is a list of areas which speech and language therapy can help with:

Benefits of speech and language therapy for someone with dementia include:

How does speech and language therapy help dementia?

Speech and language therapy helps people who suffer from dementia. Speech and language therapists can offer help and advice on language, communication, information processing, memory, as well as eating, drinking and swallowing guidelines. Speech and language therapy can include assessment and advice as well as support for the individual and their family.

What would speech and language therapy treatment for dementia involve?

Speech and language therapy treatment for dementia will involve a tailored speech and language therapy programme and will take into account the severity of the dementia. Speech and language therapy for dementia may involve some or all of the approaches below:

There are many other approaches that may help dementia depending upon the individual and stage of the dementia. Some of these methods may be discussed in an initial appointment with the speech and language therapist.

How do I arrange a speech and language therapy assessment?

To arrange a speech and language therapy assessment please email or call 0330 0885 643.


Dementia is a collective term for symptoms which are caused by damage to the brain. The most common cause is Alzhiemer's disease. Dementia mainly affects adults over the age of 65 however younger people can also be affected. Speech and language therapy can help with many different symptoms of dementia and can offer different ways of dealing with the symptoms of dementia as well as different approaches for families and carers. To arrange an appointment please email or call 0330 0885 643 and our team will be happy to help.

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To speak to a Speech and Language Therapist or to book an appointment, call us on 0161 883 0111 or email


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All our speech and language therapists are registered with the RCSLT and the HCPC

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