Auditory Prossessing Disorder

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What to expect

Auditory Prossessing Disorder

Auditory processing is where your brain will retrieve and make sense of the sounds heard around you. An auditory processing disorder is when the brain is unable to retrieve and make sense of this information. Speech and language therapy can improve and support any difficulties with auditory processing.

What is an auditory processing disorder?

An auditory processing disorder is a disorder of the brain and affects its ability to recognise and interpret the information heard around us.

A child with auditory processing disorder will often have difficulty recognising the subtle differences between the sounds in words, this can occur even when the word is spoken loud and clear.

Children with auditory processing disorder may present with mild to severe symptoms which may take different forms. Common symptoms of auditory processing disorder are:

  • Difficulty understanding speech in noisy environments
  • Better performance in quieter settings.
  • Difficulty understanding more complex information
  • Additional speech, language, reading and writing difficulties
  • Difficulty following a conversation.
  • Difficulty in attending to tasks

Auditory processing disorders can impact on a child's speech, language and academic performance. Early Intervention from a speech and language therapist is beneficial to children with auditory processing disorders.


What causes auditory processing disorder in children?

The exact causes of auditory processing disorders in children are unknown. However it may be the result of many things including head trauma and chronic ear infections.


What problems caused by an auditory processing disorder can speech and language therapy help with?

Auditory processing disorders can affect many areas of speech and language. Speech and language therapy can help with some of the following difficulties caused by an auditory processing disorder:


How is an auditory processing disorder diagnosed?

An auditory processing disorder is diagnosed by an audiologist. A speech and language therapist will often be able to identify a child with auditory processing disorder and make a relevant referral to an audiologist if necessary. The speech and language therapist will carry out an initial assessment to determine what impact the auditory processing disorder is having on the child's speech and language skills.

An initial assessment carried out by the speech and language therapist will involve:

  • A conversation with you about your child's speech and language abilities and also any concerns you may have.
  • Gathering information on your child's development.
  • An observation of your child's speech, language and interaction skills.
  • A detailed assessment of your child's speech and language skills.
  • A discussion about the assessment results and what type of treatment to put in place.

How does speech and language therapy help a child with auditory processing disorder?

Early identification and therapy can help a child with auditory processing disorder. Speech and language therapy will aim to improve the child's auditory processing by providing training to parents, carers and school teachers on how best to support the child's difficulties. The speech and language therapist will be able to suggest activities and also strategies to help the child's understanding and learning in both the home and school environments.

Speech and language therapy may specifically help the child with auditory processing disorder in discriminating between certain sounds. Speech therapy may also work on additional speech and language difficulties caused by the auditory processing disorder e.g. attention, expressive (verbal) and receptive (understanding) language.

What would speech and language therapy treatment for a child with auditory processing disorder involve?

The speech and language therapist will carry out an initial assessment to identify the speech and language difficulties the child may have and to help decide on the best form of treatment. Speech and language therapy may include some or all of the following:

Specific treatment for auditory processing disorder may include Phonological Therapy and Pre-School Communication Groups.

How do I arrange a speech and language therapy assessment for auditory processing disorder?

To arrange a speech and language therapy appointment for your child please email office@slt.co.uk or call 0330 0885 643.

Summary

An auditory processing disorder is a disorder which affects the brains ability to identify and interpret sounds heard around us. An auditory processing disorder will often impact on a child's speech, language and academic skills. Speech and language therapy will help to support parents, carers, teachers and also the child in dealing with the auditory processing disorder in a more manageable way. If you feel you and your child may benefit from speech and language therapy then please do not hesitate to contact us.


To arrange an appointment with one of our speech and language therapists please call 0330 0885 643, or email office@slt.co.uk


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