Dyslexia

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What to expect

Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a specific learning difficultly which mainly impacts on a childs accuracy of fluent reading and spelling skills. Children with dyslexia may have additional speech and language difficulties which can be supported by a speech and language therapist.

What is dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a type of specific learning difficulty which affects a childs ability to read and spell accurately. The severity of symptoms of dyslexia can range from very mild to severe and will affect each individual child in different ways. Three common areas of difficulty a child with dyslexia might have include:

Phonological awareness

Phonological awareness is the ability to identify how small units of sound make up a word. If a sound changes in a word it can change the entire meaning of that word, e.g. if you change the first letter of ‘bat to a ‘p it becomes ‘pat. Children with dyslexia may have difficulty in recognising this.

Verbal memory

Verbal memory is the ability to remember spoken information for a short amount of time, for example remembering a list or simple instructions.

Verbal processing speed

Verbal processing speed is the speed it takes to process and recognise spoken information e.g. letters and digits.

What are the common signs of dyslexia?

The common signs of Dyslexia are:

Preschool (under the age of 4)
  • Difficulty in retelling stories and using the correct sequence to retell them.
  • Difficulty rhyming words.
  • Difficulties finding the right word.
  • Speech delay.
  • Primary school age
  • Difficulty reading words.
  • Difficulty in completing homework, or taking a long time to complete it.
  • Lower reading level compared to their class mates.
  • Difficulty matching letters and sounds.
  • What causes dyslexia?

    There is no specific cause of dyslexia; it is thought that dyslexia is caused by a combination of factors. Genetics is a major factor in causing dyslexia.

    What problems caused by dyslexia can speech and language therapy help with?

    Speech and language therapy can help with the following problems which a child with dyslexia may have difficulty with:

  • Language delay and impairment
  • speech sound problems
  • comprehension problems
  • expressive language problems
  • attention and listening problems
  • How does speech and language therapy help dyslexia?

    The speech and language therapist will work with a number of professionals when treating a child with dyslexia, these include an audiologist, educational psychologist, teachers and opticians.

    The goals for speech and language therapy will differ for each individual child and will take into account what areas of speech and language the child is having difficulty with and also the severity of the childs problems.

    Speech and language therapy may contribute the following input for a child with dyslexia:

  • Helping the child to discriminate between speech sounds.
  • Therapy for any difficultly with producing speech sounds, this may include phonological therapy.
  • Phonological awareness training e.g. helping the child to be aware of speech sounds in words.
  • Therapy for expressive (verbal and written) or receptive (understanding) language.
  • The speech and language therapist will aim to maximise your childs speech and language skills in order for them to communicate as effectively as possible. Early intervention is beneficial for children with dyslexia and will help lessen the impact it is having on their learning in the home and school environment.

    What would speech and language therapy treatment for dyslexia involve?

    The speech and language therapist will work alongside a number of other professionals. An initial assessment carried out by the speech and language therapist will help to determine any difficulty your child is having with their speech and language and also the severity of these difficulties.

    After the initial assessment speech and language therapy may include:

  • assessments
  • reports
  • one to one therapy
  • clinic visits
  • home visits
  • review
  • groups
  • training
  • consultative role
  • alternative and augmentative communication
  • advice and education
  • How do I arrange a speech and language therapy assessment?

    To arrange an assessment with one our speech and language therapists please call 0330 0885 643.

    Summary

    Dyslexia is a specific learning difficulty which affects a childs ability to read and spell accurately and fluently. Dyslexia may impact on a number of areas of speech and language ability. A speech and language therapist will work with a number of professionals and will focus on the areas of speech and language affected by your childs dyslexia. If you feel you and your child will benefit from speech and language therapy then please do not hesitate to contact us.

    If you would like to arrange an initial assessment with one of our speech and language therapists please call 0330 0885 643, or email office@slt.co.uk


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    To speak to a Speech and Language Therapist or to book an appointment, call us on 0161 883 0111 or email office@slt.co.uk

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