Neurological problems

Neurological problems occur as a result of damage to the nervous system, such as injury to the brain, spinal cord or nerves. Neurological problems can be acquired as a result of sudden injury to the nervous system e.g. a stroke or head injury. Neurological problems can also be progressive where the problems will worsen over time due to deterioration of the nervous system.

Neurological problems can result in many different difficulties which will be dependent on the area of the nervous system that has been affected. Neurological problems can result in difficulties with muscle function, speech, language (both expressive and receptive), swallowing and social communication.

Speech and language therapy is highly beneficial for adults with neurological problems. Our speech and language therapists will provide individualised treatment plans tailored to the specific needs and abilities of each client. The type of treatment given will depend on many factors including, the underlying cause of the neurological problem, the severity of the problem and the area of the nervous system which has been affected. Speech and language therapy helps to improve speech, language, communication and swallowing.

Look below to see the types of neurological problems we treat at SLT UK.

Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy is a neurological condition which can affect a person’s body movement, coordination and posture. It can affect an individual's speech, language, communication and swallowing.

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Traumatic brain injury

Traumatic brain injury is a sudden injury to the head in any way. It can affect multiple aspects of speech, language, communication and swallowing dependent on the area of injury.

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A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is cut off, this can be known as a brain attack. Our speech and language therapists can treat and support complications following a stroke.

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Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s occurs when the nerve cells begin to die in the brain and will get worse over time. This causes patients movements to become slower and tasks can take longer to complete. SLT UK can help support and manage the symptoms of Parkinson’s.

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Dementia is a collective term for symptoms which range from memory loss, mood change, and problems with communication. Dementia will get worse over time and our speech and language therapists can help to support and manage the symptoms of dementia.

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Multiple sclerosis

Messages to the brain are not transmitted effectively in an individual with multiple sclerosis, therefore movement is affected the most. Our speech and language therapists can help support and manage the symptoms of multiple sclerosis.

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Muscular dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy is a disorder that leads to weakness in the muscles which support and help the body to move efficiently. Our speech and language therapists can help to support and manage the symptoms of muscular dystrophy.

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Expressive dysphasia

Expressive dysphasia affects a person’s ability to express what they want to say. This may be through spoken or written words. Expressive dysphasia only affects output so an individual with expressive dysphasia will be able to understand another person.

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Receptive dysphasia

Receptive dysphasia affects a person's ability to understand other people's messages. This may be the understanding of spoken or written words. Receptive dysphasia only affects input so an individual with receptive dysphasia will be able to express what they want to say.

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Aphasia is the loss of expressive or receptive language. Different aspects of language are affected dependent on the part of the brain that is damaged. Our specialist speech and language therapists can identify and support those with aphasia.

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Dysarthria occurs when an individual is unable to articulate a message effectively using their muscles of speech. There are many different causes of dysarthria and our speech and language therapists will be able to identify, support and manage dysarthria.

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Cranial nerve damage

Cranial nerve damage occurs when when any of the twelve cranial nerves are damaged as a result of injury to the nervous system. A patient with cranial nerve damage can have a variety of speech, language and swallowing difficulties dependent on where the damage is.

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Dyspraxia is the inability to plan and coordinate movements despite typical muscle strength. This may cause speech, language, communication and swallowing difficulties that our speech and language therapists will be able to support.

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Right hemisphere communication disorder

Patients with right hemisphere communication disorder (RHCD) will experience difficulties with their social communication and cognitive functioning. Our speech and language therapists will support and manage the symptoms cause by RHCD.

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Huntington’s disease

Huntington’s disease is an inherited condition that affects aspects of an individual's movement, cognition and behaviour. The most noticeable symptom of Huntington's are jerky uncontrollable movements, this can affect aspects of voice and swallowing

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Related pages

Conditions Voice problems Speech disorders Neurological problems Communication problems Autism spectrum disorder Eating, drinking and swallowing difficulties Head and neck cancer Hearing loss and impairments Learning difficulties Mental health problems Palliative care needs Physical disabilities
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