Worried about your communication?
If you are worried about any aspect of your speech, language and communication, do not hesitate to contact us to speak to one of our passionate speech and language therapists.
Communication is an activity where an individual can successfully convey a message, meaning or thought. When there is a breakdown in conveying or receiving a message this is known as a communication problem.
A communication problem is a breakdown in the individual’s ability to effectively convey their thoughts as a meaningful message. A communication problem may occur if the individual cannot effectively understand or convey a message being sent to them. There are different types of communication which include:
Non-verbal communication is information which is sent via body language, facial expression, eye contact, tone of voice and gesture.
Verbal or spoken communication
Verbal or spoken communication is information which is sent via spoken words.
Written communication is information which is sent via written words or sentences.
Communication problems can include a breakdown in any of the above forms of communication. A communication problem can either be a receptive (understanding) problem, an expressive (verbal, non-verbal and written) problem or a combination of the two.
Communication problems can affect both adults and children, the severity of the individual’s communication problem can range from mild to severe. In severe forms a patient may have very limited understanding or little or no spoken language.
There are many conditions or disorders which can cause communication problems in adults, these can include:
Communication problems are diagnosed and identified by the speech and language therapist. The speech and language therapist will carry out an initial assessment which will evaluate if an individual has a communication problem and the severity of their communication problem.
Speech and language therapy can treat and support communication problems. The main aim of speech and language therapy for an individual with communication problems will be to maximise their communicative ability.
The speech and language therapist will work with the individual, their parent or carer and other professionals in order to help them communicate to the best of their ability.
Speech and language therapy will be individualised for each client and will consider factors such as their current communicative ability and also the underlying condition causing their communication problems.
There are many forms of speech and language therapy which can help and support communication problems. Each form of treatment will be individualised to the specific communication needs of the individual. Different types of treatments available for communication problems can include:
Training involves training for individuals, parents, carers and other professionals involved in the individual’s care, regarding their speech, language and communication needs.
A consultative role will include advice and support for the individual, their parents, carers and other professionals involved in their care regarding their speech, language and communication needs. The speech and language therapist may also provide information on compensatory strategies for the patient and their carer or parent to help support and maximise their communicative abilities.
Home programmes will include take home activities, which will help the patient and their parents or carers practise skills learnt in therapy. The speech and language therapist can provide home programmes on communication, for parents, carers and the individual, in helping them to maximise their communicative ability. School programmes can also be given to help support the individual in their educational environment.
One to one therapy
One to one therapy will provide intensive one to one treatment for the individual. One to one therapy will work on individual tasks in helping to maximise the individual’s communication. One to one therapy can include receptive tasks, which work on the individual’s understanding of spoken language. One to one therapy may also work on expressive tasks, which work on the individual’s expressive communication including gesture and writing.
A total communication approach works on all available communicative forms the patient has including, verbal, written and non-verbal communication.
Group therapy is where the individual and other clients with similar difficulties receive therapy together. Group therapy can often help in later stages of therapy and increase the individual’s motivation, social skills and also help generalise the skills learnt in one to one therapy.
Augmentative and Alternative Communication
Augmentative and Alternative Communication systems will be used for patients with severe communication problems, or if the patient is non-verbal. Examples of alternative forms of communication include, alphabet charts, sign language and hi-tech voice aids.
Speech and language therapy may also include the following:
Communication problems are difficulties in expressing or receiving meaningful messages effectively. Communication problems can affect children and adults of all ages and can be caused by a variety of conditions. The speech and language therapist will treat and support an individual’s communication in a variety of ways, with the aim of maximising the patient’s communicative potential.
If you need any more information on the services we offer or the conditions we are able to help, do not hesistate to contact us.